A New Orleans Atlas by Rebecca Solnit and Rebecca Snedeker (2013)
by Orissa Arend
This book is part visionary road map, part post-traumatic Katrina therapy and part poetic love ode/lament to our city.
“Maybe you truly love something only by granting it its full complexity,” the two Rebeccas say in their introduction. And that indeed is what they have granted our unfathomable city in maps and essays artfully rendered. It’s packed with facts that manage to be scathingly critical, worshipful and ironically humorous all at once.
Snakes and Ladders, the title of one of the 22 map chapters, is an ancient dice board game played in India to teach children how good and bad deeds carry a person up or down in life. The goal is to get to God, as opposed to the game’s contemporary counterpart, Chutes and Ladders, where the goal is simply to win. The Snakes and Ladders map does its bit to rescue the story of Hurricane Katrina by pinpointing 28 ladders, acts of mutual aid, generosity, rescue, or solidarity and 27 snakes, mostly people in power who demonized and abandoned the most vulnerable. The black and blue map superimposed on Katrina water levels gives us a visual of the way “New Orleans was nearly destroyed by hate, but . . . was saved and restored by love.”
Why all these maps? They seem retro in this digital age where we navigate from computer- generated orders.
“A great map should stir up wonder and curiosity, prompt revelation, and deepen orientation. It should make the strange familiar and the familiar strange.”
After reading this book you’ll want to go out and map things that are important or quirky to you. If you are of a certain age, you will remember your childhood fascination with treasure maps.
The map/essay called Stationary Revelations: Sites of Contemplation and Delight, is a treasure map of sorts. Like Walker Percy’s Binx in The Moviegoer, this chapter’s author, Billy Southern, prompts us to live here as if we were castaways, poking around, searching, fighting despair and the “everydayness” of life by finding treasure like the red shotgun double on Jackson Avenue where trombone great Kid Ory lived from 1910-1916; or the parrots from Argentina which have created a massive home for themselves atop Reading Radio’s tower on Magazine Street.
Lolis Eric Elie writes about ethnicities in New Orleans. An accompanying map by Solnit and Snedeker charts them not with nouns but with verbs of people’s avocations: People who: live near their cousins, are polyamorous, eat frozen vegetables, face Mecca, shop at malls, are kings and queens, barbecue on the streets, etc., all set to Bunny Matthews’ uber-expressive illustrations. You’ll want to find yourself on this map.
There are darker subjects also. One chapter addresses systems of containment – levees and prisons. We call it public safety. But they don’t really keep us safe, or even contain.
“Angola, the 18,000-acre slave plantation turned plantation penitentiary, sits at the literal nexus of the containment of water and people. More than five thousand people are imprisoned at this site next to the Old River Control Structure, which diverts a third of the Mississippi River toward the Atchafalaya Basin.” About a quarter of the residents of Angola come from New Orleans.
Incarcerated activists “first identified the ballooning of Louisiana’s prison system as a White supremacist project.” The prison newspaper The Angolite published the evidence. Jail-house lawyers organized voting blocks of outside allies to push for prison reform and to have decades-long solitary confinement declared cruel and unusual punishment. Freed activist and former Black Panther Robert King continued to fight for his friends Albert Woodfox and Herman Wallace (now deceased) on the inside and to free political prisoners everywhere. Freed activist Norris Henderson helped found Safe Streets/Strong Communities and Voice of the Ex-Offender.
The map here depicts flows of incarceration and flows of freedom, levees and floods, showing that “where even the river has been arrested and imprisoned, . . . water still flows, resistance still flows, communication still flows between New Orleans and the prisons . . . freedom is not entirely dammed up, not by any count.”
There are other unusual combinations. Civil Rights and Lemon Ice traces the lives of three people. Paul Trevigne was a free person of color who helped launch one of the first movements for racial equality in the country. Angelo Brocato was a Sicilian immigrant who opened an ice cream parlor over a century ago when the French Quarter was 80 percent Sicilian. Playwright Tennessee Williams arrived in the French Quarter on New Year’s Eve of 1938 almost penniless. The trajectories of their lives are mapped together.
The authors give us our history in tantalizing narrative nuggets – bananas, sugar, seafood and sex-work, things that make you sick and things that make you well (in Juju and Cuckoo), lead and lies, two kinds of hidden poison.
Rebecca Solnit, who created a similar atlas for San Francisco, and Rebecca Snedeker, a local filmmaker (By Invitation Only) enlisted a remarkably diverse and talented team of writers, artists, researchers, cartographers, and graphic designers – about 40 in all – to work on the book. In the process they created something unique and personal, a collection of secrets about a city that died and was reborn. “Everyone loves a secret,” says Snedeker, “except when they are left out, and this book invites people in.”
Orissa Arend is the author of Showdown in Desire: The Black Panthers Take a Stand in New Orleans. You can reach her at email@example.com.